Miles Davis: the Father of Trumpet Jazz

When one thinks of the term "Trumpet Jazz", one invariably thinks of Miles Davis, in my opinion the uncontested "Father of Trumpet Jazz".

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"Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer. He is among the most influential and acclaimed figures in the history of jazz and 20th century music. Davis adopted a variety of musical directions in a five-decade career that kept him at the forefront of many major stylistic developments in jazz." –Wikipedia

Miles was born and raised in Illinois but studied at Julliard in New York and came onto the Jazz scene as the trumpeter in Charlie Parker's group. He went on to record for Capital Records, laying down some of the earliest Bebop music on Prestige records while battling a heroin addiction.

He busted out at the Newport Jazz Festival in 1955 finally signing a long term contract with Columbia Records and working with John Coltrane as well as Gil Evans.
After the Bebop and Swing era Miles introduced a lot of ground breaking musicians with his recordings including Herbie Hancock, Tony Williams, Chick Corea, Jack DeJohnette,  Michael Henderson, and many others. 
He continued to pioneer his own style of jazz fusion which included influences from Rock music, Motown and Soul, Bebop and Swing as well as Latin and other cultural styles.